My Postcrossing (4) – The Church of the Savior on Blood, Saint Petersburgnone Today, I received a postcard again. This postcard is from Saint Petersburg in Russia. The building on the postcard is the Church of the Savior on Blood.
今天又收到了一張明信片了，這張明信片來自於俄羅斯的聖彼得堡，明信片上的是滴血救世主教堂。The outlook of the church is colourful. It is in the style of medieval Russian architecture, which can rarely be seen in Saint Petersburg. The church contains over 7500 square meters of mosaics, which is the second-largest (in church) in the world. Actually, the church was just built within 150 years and there is a story behind.
這教堂看上去鮮艷美麗，是市內少見的中世紀俄羅斯建築物，也因而讓它成為聖彼得堡的景點。教堂內有7500平方米的馬賽克，是世界第二大。但其實這教堂只有不足150年的歷史，而且教堂落成的背後，有一個故事。The Church of the Savior on Blood was built to memorize Emperor Alexander II. The location of the church is exactly the street where Emperor Alexander II was assassinated. Emperor Alexander II is famous in the history of Russia. He brought Russia to modernization and was famous in the Emancipation reform of 1861. He also sold Alaska to USA.
這教堂是為紀念俄羅斯帝國皇帝亞歷山大二世而建，建築物的地點正是當年亞歷山大二世被刺殺的地方。亞歷山大二世是俄國歷史著名的皇帝，他著意國內改革，帶領俄羅斯走向近代化，他取消農奴制，改變俄國農民命運，亞拉斯加也是由他賣給美國。Emperor Alexander II got a lot of enemies and he experienced 8 assassination attempts in his life. The last time is in 1881. On the street where the church is located, the Emperor was hurt by a bomb explosion and died on the way to the Winter Palace. Alexander III started building the church to memorize him and finished in 1907.
由於他採取鐵腕手段治國，故惹來不少革命黨敵人，他的人生曾遇上8次刺殺，1881年是最後的一次。就在教堂的這一個地方，亞歷山大二世被炸彈炸傷，在護送回冬宮的途中過身。1883年其子亞歷山大三世為亡父建立滴血救世主教堂，到1907年完工，滴血之名取自當年亞歷山大二世的鮮血，而他當年被刺的街道，現在身於教堂內。The church experienced a lot in these 100 years. In 1917, the church was destroyed by Russian Revolution. During WWII, it was used as the warehouse of vegetable. Finally, in 1970, the restoration of the church started and opened in 1997 as a museum.
這教堂一百數十年間經歷了風風血血，1917年俄國革命遭到破壞，二戰期間用作蔬菜倉庫，到了1970年才正式翻修，終於1997年開放成博物館。It’s a beautiful church and please don’t miss it when you visit Saint Petersburg.